When Bunny Won’t Use The Litterbox – 10 Useful Tips to Improve Litterbox Habits

One reason often given when people surrender their rabbits to a shelter is that their bunny has poor litterbox habits. Who hasn’t wondered why their bunny eliminated right next to its litterbox instead of inside it? It can be a vexing problem for many bunny parents – but it’s not unsolvable. There’s hope even for the messiest bunny!

Here are some common reasons why bunny might not use the litterbox properly and how to remedy the situation:

1. New surroundings – Often when bringing a new bunny home, bunny will mark its new territory with droppings and/or urine, even when a litterbox is available. This instinctive territorial marking will usually cease after the first week or two, especially if you do not clean up immediately. If a new bunny is being brought home to an existing house bunny, expect each bunny’s litterbox habits to regress for a while. Any room(s) shared by unbonded bunnies in turn will also likely be subjected to territorial marking. This should not be confused with poor litterbox habits.

2. Young bunnies – Baby buns under 6 months or so often have poor litterbox habits. It is well-known that spaying and neutering rabbits helps tremendously with establishing good litterbox habits. Be patient with your young bunny, and fix your bunny as soon as it’s old enough (around 4-6 months).

3. Wrong litter – A litterbox filled with the wrong type of litter may bother some bunnies. Most bunnies like wood stove pellets (without chemical propellants) and this is your cheapest litter option besides simple, shredded newspaper. Yesterdays News and Feline Pine can also be tried if bunny dislikes the regular wood stove pellets found at the hardware store in economical 40lb bags. Some rabbits even prefer NO litter at all in their litterbox! Experiment with different kinds, but avoid cedar & pine wood shavings and crystalline cat litters, which may endanger bunny’s health.

4. Wrong size – Some persnickety smaller rabbits don’t like jumping up too high into their litterboxes; try a shallower one. Another trick is to adjust the level of litter inside the litterbox to see if bunny prefers a more or less full one. Some large rabbits may feel cramped in a too small litterbox and require a bigger one. A too tall or too shallow litterbox may also be the reason why bunny is not using his litterbox, so experiment with different plastic box sizes and heights until your bunny is happy. I recommend buying Rubbermaid or Sterilite clear, plastic, shallow under-the-bed bins at Target or Walmart when on sale!

5. Too clean/too dirty – Strange as it may seem, some bunnies don’t like their litterboxes spotless! After cleaning, these buns may eliminate next to the litterbox instead of inside it. For such bunnies, try tossing a few old droppings into the fresh litterbox or place a small scoop of soiled litter on top of the clean litter.  Still other bunnies won’t use a litterbox that is too soiled – smelly and dirty! More frequent litterbox changes, with a white vinegar rinse in between to remove stains before adding fresh litter, is the answer for these bunnies.

6. Not enough boxes – A common complaint is that cage-free house bunnies eliminate or mark in every room, especially when there are multiple bunnies or other animals visiting/living in the home. Placing several litterboxes around the home – perhaps even in one corner of each room bunny has access to – may help encourage bunny to eliminate in a litterbox instead of on your floor, carpet, or furniture.

7. Too much space to roam – When litterbox training your rabbit, start with a small, confined space or room containing a litterbox. Let bunny demonstrate s/he can reliably use the litterbox in this smaller space, before gradually expanding his/her roaming space, one room or hallway at a time. If bunny relapses, start the process over again, restricting the roaming space until good litterbox habits are reestablished, before slowly enlarging the roaming area again.

8. Digging – Some rabbits just enjoy digging litter out of their litterbox. This is often seen in female rabbits, who have a strong burrowing/nesting instinct. First, try changing the kind of litter. If this doesn’t work, try placing a second plastic “digging box” filled with either shredded paper, dirt, sand or small pebbles into the rabbit’s habitat. An unused bathtub can also make a good “digging area” for bunny when filled with a small box of sand, dirt or paper – or even snow in the wintertime! Or perhaps consider allowing your bunny some supervised outdoor “digging time” in a safe, secure, walled- or fenced-in area, away from predators.

9. Prefers another spot – Placed litterboxes all around and bunny still prefers to eliminate somewhere else? Move the litterbox to bunny’s preferred spot. It’s much easier to accommodate a determined bunny than to retrain one to use the litterbox in another location you prefer. This is when giving in to bunny makes sense!

10. Unknown reason – If all else fails, I recommend trying this which worked well for one of my own litterbox-averse bunnies: Build a feeding station just beyond the litterbox requiring bunny to stand inside the litterbox while eating, drinking and chewing hay. This can be easily and inexpensively done by using a small, empty shoebox in a corner of the room or cage, onto which the ceramic food & water bowls are placed. Push the litterbox right up against the shoebox and push the other litterbox edge against the wall. Place hay either inside the litterbox or just beyond it in a small box next to the food & water. Bunny will get used to standing in his litterbox while eating and drinking, which is often when elimination occurs. This will rapidly improve bunny’s litterbox habits!

Most rabbits will learn fairly quickly and easily to use a litterbox since they are by nature very clean animals. If yours doesn’t for some reason, these ten tips should soon help bunny to reliably use the litterbox. Remember, always be patient with your bunny while working on litterbox habits, and consider giving positive reinforcements in the form of fruit or veggie treats when bunny is successful. NEVER strike nor shout at bunny when accidents occur outside the litterbox – this is counterproductive and harmful to your rabbit. If your bunny’s litterbox habits should suddenly deteriorate without good reason (such as the presence of a new bunny or animal in the house, etc), please consider a rabbit-savvy vet visit to rule out a possible illness. Now, go clean out bunny’s litterbox!

Written By: The Bunderful Iris – Guest Blogger


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172 Responses to When Bunny Won’t Use The Litterbox – 10 Useful Tips to Improve Litterbox Habits

  1. Haley says:

    What do you use for a bath/ shower?

    • Iris Klimczuk says:

      Rabbits do NOT need to be bathed or showered! Rabbits can become severely chilled when their fur is soaked to the skin & their body temperature can drop precipitously when wet. I do NOT recommend bathing/showering a rabbit for this reason. A messy bottom may occur on occasion due to too plentiful or too soft cecotropes production sticking in the fur and/or loose stools (diarrhea). If this should happen to your rabbit, only the small affected area of the rear/back side should be rinsed off in the sink with a warm wash cloth. No need to dunk or bathe the entire rabbit or severe chilling can result. Rabbits are very clean animals & groom themselves meticulously. If your rabbit suffers from messy poops or excess cecotrope production (grape-like clusters of softish cecals), this often has to do with inappropriate diet: too many fruit treats, insufficient hay consumption, or feeding too much (or the wrong kind) of green vegetables. If your rabbit has a sensitive GI system/gut, don’t feed him any sweet fruity treats, but opt for other kinds of treats like: dried flowers, herbs, willow wisps, dandelion greens, etc.

      • Avah says:

        one of my bunnys actually love the bath he is aleays trying to go in the bathtub bc he is a free roam rabbit he always he trying to go near water i put a bowl of water that he sits in everyday so its just deppends on the rabbit i wouldnt recoomed putting a rabbit in a tub tho i prefer a sink

    • bob says:

      you are not supposed to bath your bunny

    • Ellie says:

      Never ever bathe a rabbit it is almost always fatal.

      • Jodee says:

        There are, like most things, exceptions. I have a disabled house bunny who is not capable of cleaning himself and while wiping with a damp cloth helps, after about a week he needs a proper wash. We gently bathe his back end in warm water and he is quite comfortable with it. When we take him out, he goes into a room with no drafts and is towled and brushed until he is barely damp. In cool weather, we use a blow dryer on low to help get him completely dry. While I see absolutely no reason to ever bathe a healthy rabbit, in his case it does no harm and has prevented the urine scald and other skin irritations he used to get from not being able to keep himself clean.

      • Theresa Proulx says:

        I Give My Rabbit A Bath Every 2 months,And She Is 9 Years Old Now So I’m Pretty Sure Bathing A Rabbit Is Fine

        • LykosAnubis says:

          Same. I’ve owned buns my whole life and I’ve given them all baths every now and again when they need it (got muddy playing outside, got into my art bin and had streaks of paint on the fur, etc). They’re fine. Just use lukewarm water, an appropriate shampoo, dry them thoroughly, then keep them warm.
          The trick is to fill the tub with an inch or two of water, shut the water off, and THEN put bun in the tub. Use a cup to rinse.
          The sound of the faucet scares animals, thus shutting the water off before placing them in the bath works wonders. (Works with cats too)

  2. Cheryl says:

    Just to confirm – did you say *not* to immediately clean up after my rabbit if it’s territory marking that he’s doing? (Under point 1 – new surroundings)

    • Iris Klimczuk says:

      Leave the droppings for a few days if bunny is new to the home. He is marking his territory & signalling to other animals that this is “his” space now. If you can stand it, leave the droppings for a week or so & you should see that bunny will stop leaving them scattered about. Once he’s using his litterbox in his area & has “claimed” the new space as his own, you should see the territorial marking of scattered poops cease. That is, unless the space is shared by several unbonded rabbits or other pets in turn…then it may well continue. Bunny pee should ALWAYS be cleaned up with 1:1 vinegar to water solution as soon as possible or bunny can still smell it & may continue to pee outside the litterbox. Hope these tips help!

    • Aubrey says:

      Should I expect this type of marking to continue every time I expand his space a bit? My bunny is 4 months old now and just got neutered a week ago, so I am keeping him confined per my vet’s orders for recovery, but he also seems to have lost a little bit of his litter box training in the process.

      • iris says:

        Yes, any new territory may be marked with these scattered droppings. Once bunny feels secure in his expanded territory, these droppings should decline, although you may still find them on occasion. Neutering tends to help improve litterbox habits.

  3. Megan says:

    What about a rabbit who likes to toss her litter box? We just rescued a beautiful girl, abd she LOVES to toss her box. She’s got plenty of toys to play with, but insists on her box. We’ve also recently given her a new litter box that is larger, but still, she flips it. What can we do?

    • iris says:

      what kind of litter are u using in the litter-box? compressed pine wood pellets or hardwood stove pellets are heavy & should make it difficult for her to flip the litter-box over. A very determined bunny may still continue flipping the litter-box although the more usual occurrence is digging the litter OUT of the litter-box. I’d try to find yr bunny some toys to keep her mentally stimulated during the times you are away: things she can fling, chew, shred are good. Hope this is a temporary thing and that she gives up this habit soon!

      • vickie bolling says:

        You can also buy litter trays that attach to the cage. My rabbits were about to drive me crazy but I got one that fits onto the cage and all is well. They also like sitting on it.

    • Angela Pritchard says:

      Get a slightly larger litter box with room to add a brick or large pebbles for extra weight – foiled my box battering bun ! : )

      • Missy Postlewaite says:

        My bunny loves to flip her litter box too. That is why I use a heavy glass casserole dish. Just make sure it is different from the ones you use in your kitchen so there is no possibility of getting them confused.

  4. Pingback: Why has my rabbit stopped using his litter box? | Parenting Answers

  5. Bubs says:

    Speaking from experience, try putting a very strong magnet on the floor under the cage and one at the base of the litter box, under the litter. Our bunnies loved to flip the box, but after putting the magnets, they can’t pull on it any more (we got our magnets from our old computer hard-drive.) 🙂

  6. becky Russell says:

    My rabbit is 7 months old and has only just stopped using his litter tray apart from neutering him is there any way I can get him to use it,

    • iris says:

      Neutering him IS the best advice I can give you. It should curb his natural desire to mark everywhere & allow you to litter-box train him again. If you don’t neuter, he will continue to mark around the house and his hormones will dictate his marking behavior. If cost is an issue, there are many low-cost spay/neuter options in larger cities across the US, but plz make certain u take him to a rabbit-savvy vet to have the surgery done. Not all vets know much about rabbits and u don’t want someone doing the neuter surgery that is not an expert: http://rabbit.org/vet-listings/

    • Justin Knapp says:

      Yes there is a way. Start back from the beginning and confine to a small territory and gradually increase the space.

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  8. Britney says:

    My bunny has been neutered and litter trained for a little over a year. His litter habits were great until he started going potty on my bath mats. Started with just my bathroom then moved to under my sink and started becoming a consistent behavior. Now he has made my couch his official litterbox going 2-3 times a day on there which he used to do before he was neutered but in a different spot on the couch. Is there any advice you could give to me?? Thank you!

    • iris says:

      Your best bet in this instance is to just keep bunny off the couch. It seems like a nuisance to us humans, but marking with pee is normal behavior for a rabbit. Yr bun is trying to let other animals/ppl in the house know this is ‘his’ spot. Wipe the pee/marking clean with 1:1 vinegar & water solution, and blot dry. Some ppl put a slippery cover onto the couch or other furniture so bun won’t hop up on it anymore. Frequent washing of bath mats is the best advice I can give u other than preventing bunny from going into certain rooms altogether.

  9. Leanne says:

    I recently bought a new 7 week old netherland doe around 2 weeks ago she is living in the same room as my 8 yr old netherland desexed buck but in separate cages I have tried every single way of litter training including regular cleaning every day, tried cleaning less often once two days, got worse, sprayed down soiled surfaces with vinegar+ water every time, catch her in the act and herd her to her litter box and reward her, put food in her litter box, i don’t interfere or clean her cage whilst she’s inside, I don’t pick her up and put her back in, I herd her in. Problem is she will only pee inside her litter box, never will she use her litter box for droppings, i don’t know whether it’s territorial because she’s been like that since the day I brought her home, and only she is doing it my other buck rabbit is not affected.

    • iris says:

      this is very much due to territory. She is too young to be spayed yet and young bunnies are notoriously poor with their litterbox habits. Be glad she at least pees in the litterbox or you’d be cleaning the wet mess up too! Buy yrslf a dust pan at the dollar store to make picking up droppings easier. Once she’s spay at 4-6 months, you may well find she stops this behavior. Bonding the two rabbits together after she’s spayed should make this territorial pooping stop. Until then, see if you can move her to another space away from the neutered buck – this may help. Good luck!

  10. Mikaela says:

    My 6 month old bunny poops in the box but when it comes to peeing she gets right up to the sides and pees out side…. Idk it I should try higher sides or what. But I’m desperate for answers.

    • iris says:

      Is she spayed yet? This is crucial for successful litterbox habits! Try putting less litter in yr current litterbox first to see if pee will stay inside it. If not, time to invest in a taller one. There are many different styles of litterbox out there and you may just need to experiment with different ones until the issue is solved.

  11. Emma says:

    I have 2 four year old female bunnies and one (I think, though I’m not sure which) has in the last couple of weeks started peeing (and pooping I think) just beside the litter box. I’m assuming it’s because we got a cat a couple of months ago and they share a room. He doesn’t bother with them much as far as I know, but do you have any advice on how to put my bunnies mind at ease? I can’t really move either of them as my house is pretty small. Also might be worth mentioning that they aren’t full on house rabbits. They live in the house and will have a bit of a hop around the dining room but otherwise I put them in the garden to run.

    • iris says:

      Yes, the presence of a new cat is enough for a rabbit to start marking its territory again. I suggest you acquire a larger litterbox if you don’t already have one. Cutting one side of the litterbox down to make it easy-entry may also help. Sometimes rabbits as they age dislike hopping up into the litterbox and prefer to just walk into it to do their business. If you are adjusting a large sterilite box yourself, be certain to put duct tape along any sharp edges so bunny doesn’t injure herself. This marking may just be a temporary thing until your rabbits get used to the cat and its smells sharing the house. Here are some examples of litter-boxes that are easy-entry for rabbits: http://www.disabledrabbits.com/litter-boxes.html Good luck!

  12. Hi my bunny shares our living room with us and all the hallway he is very good at using his toilet in his cage as still only a young bunny (about 5 months) but once out he gets very excited and dances around very fast then after he calms down but leaves droppings around the floor! you say to leave then for a week but I’m unable to as i have a 3 year old that would pick them up! what could i do to help stop him dropping poop all around as does different amounts in different places but it’s different every day. Not able to put out side as i live in a flat but he has the run of everywhere an made sure all wires are covered up. TIA hope you can give me some tips on how to stop this, thank you for your time x

    • Hi Emma, He is young at 5 months, which has a lot to do with it. I recommend having him de-sexed at a rabbit-savvy veterinary hospital when his male-bits descend. This helps with litterbox training & the resulting drop in hormones will make him less likely to engage in territorial marking around the flat. Not all vets are equally good with rabbits. Check with Rabbit Welfare Association & Fund at http://www.rabbitwelfare.co.uk/resources/?section=veterinary.html to find a rabbit vet near you in the UK. Until you can get him de-sexed, there may not be much that can be done unfortunately to keep him from engaging in this natural rabbit behavior. Keeping him confined to one room or hallway only during his run-time might help temporarily, but is not a good long-term solution since rabbits need a great deal of exercise – especially the youngsters! I know someone with a dog who eats the stray rabbit droppings off the floor, but adding another animal to the household may actually increase marking – at least initially, as the rabbit continues marking to establish his territory while sharing the same space in turn with another animal. Good luck!

  13. Maddy Coleman says:

    I have a 4 and a half month old male lop rabbit. He is really good when it comes to peeing in him litter box, but he will not poop in it. We have tried changing litter type and moving things around and even shrinking up his area by a lot. We have been trying for about a month and a half to potty train him. We bought him at a breeder when he was a baby and his mom and the rest of his litter was potty trained. His brothers and sister were trained by their mom to be potty trained but he never learned. He is a really sweet boy but he is also really stubborn. What do I do?

    • iris says:

      4 and a half months is very young and he is just a baby. Get him neutered at 6 months and you will see that his litterbox habits improve almost overnight. Check with a local rabbit rescue or shelter to get the name of an experienced rabbit-savvy vet to do the neuter surgery: http://rabbit.org/faq-how-to-find-a-good-rabbit-vet/ Neutering is bound to help and I encourage you to do it also for behavioral reasons. He will start spraying urine b4 long and if he forms this habit it will be tough to break post-neuter.

  14. Rachel says:

    I have a ten week old bunny, I’ve been setting out a litter tray for her I. The corner of her cage. At first she would go toilet there and then urinate in the other corner. I moved the litter box to that corner and she started to go toilet there again but now randomly peeing all over the cage not just corners but on the edge. I’ve tried putting her poop and then soaking up the urine in a tissue and leaving it in her tray but doesn’t respond. There’s also a hay rack above her litter tray. But no response

    • iris says:

      Your bunny is just a baby! Like human babies, they can’t be toilet-trained immediately without having some accidents. Most important thing u can do is to get her spayed at 6 months of age. You will see that her litterbox habits drastically improve afterwards. Check with yr local rabbit rescue or animal shelter for the name of a rabbit-savvy vet with experience spaying: http://rabbit.org/faq-how-to-find-a-good-rabbit-vet/ Be patient with her until she’s old enough to be spayed and clean up after bunny in the meantime.

  15. Christine says:

    I recently brought home a year old male rescue bunny. I already have a 4 year old neutered lop who was litter trained. I had the new guy for a week before he was neutered. Now my older bun is leaving droppings and peeing on the sofa and rugs. I have removed the rugs so he is using the sofa. Will he start using his box again? The new rabbit is secluded till he recovers from his surgery. He also marked my house.

    • iris says:

      I’m afraid this is normal: when u bring a new rabbit into yr home to an already existing rabbit, some marking will ensue. This is natural, normal behavior for rabbits when sharing the same space in turn. The only way to curb this is to try to bond your rabbits (wait 4-6 weeks post-neuter to try this if both are fixed) OR keep your rabbits in separate areas of the house where they cannot see or smell each other. Marking is natural for rabbits in the same way that dogs mark around the neighborhood…except it happens in yr home with house rabbits.

  16. jasmineOrtiz says:

    Hi I recently got a netherland from a pet store she’s will over an year old ( so I was told) and she has very bad habits of pooping everywhere! Also I’m not even sure if shes been spayed and I was wondering if I should still get her spayed? If I can get any kind of advice it would be really helpful thanks!

    • iris says:

      Yes, spaying yr rabbit will help a lot with her litterbox training. Sometimes the change is drastic and almost overnight, litterbox habits improve. Check with yr local rabbit rescue or shelter to find out where they hv their rabbits spayed. Not all vets are rabbit-savvy, so u want one that has done many successful spay surgeries. Here is a list of questions to ask a vet b4 allowing them to spay yr rabbit: http://rabbit.org/faq-how-to-find-a-good-rabbit-vet/ Litterbox training should be a breeze afterwards if you follow the tips in my article above. Good luck!

  17. Laly says:

    My bunny is about 5 years old and has always used a litter box since day one. About a year ago she got a terrible ear infection that almost killed her. It was cleared up with much medication from the vet and she doing absolutely fine now but has a permanent “tilt” to her head that the vet said was a common side effect from the infection. Since then she has refused to use the litterbox no matter what I’ve tried. Any advice?

    • iris says:

      Sorry to hear about yr bunny’s permanent head tilt. I suggest you try a different kind of litterbox to accommodate yr bunny’s new perspective. There are low-entry litterboxes that u could consider purchasing or just make yr own by trimming down the long side of an oversized rectangular clear sterilite plastic box. Try this link for some examples of low-entry boxes to buy/order: http://www.disabledrabbits.com/litter-boxes.html
      If u r on Facebook, join the Disabled Rabbits group & ask there as they are likely to have more good ideas for you. Good luck, and don’t give up on her!

  18. Zsolt says:

    We are very desperate for some wise advice. I had a male neutralized rabbit for 3 years and it was never easy with him, he has strong character. I thought, it would be better to get a company to him so i adopted an also neutralized female. She is completely fine. After very hard bonding procedure (he was attacking the newcomer) now they love each other and my old bunny started to be very friendly to me, much calmer.
    But he lost litter training. And he poops everywhere continuously and sprays piss sometimes on the wall, on the new bunny, on me… And no way to stop this. We cannot live like this any more… Any advice? I tried everything… Please, help!

    • iris says:

      Often when a second rabbit joins the home, litter-box habits deteriorate. This is not uncommon. The good news is that things should improve again once the bonded pair is completely comfortable together. What you are seeing is likely marking activity due to the presence of a new rabbit, and have nothing to do with his own litterbox habits. Make sure there are several litter-boxes around the home & that they are large enough for 2 rabbits to use at the same time. Remove any pee with a 1:1 vinegar/water solution. If the poops are scattered around the house, not in a pile, you are seeing territorial pooping. This hopefully will lessen with time and as he get used to his new partner rabbit.

  19. sallyh135 says:


    My bunny used to be really good with the litter box until recently. She is spayed and almost 2 years old. She’s honestly in her terrible 2s it seems like. She goes everywhere else but her litter box.

    • iris says:

      Have there been any changes to your home like new animal, new furniture, new visitors, new resident? Any of these things can make a spayed rabbit feel insecure in its own space and lead to increased marking. The presence of a dog or cat or any other animal can do the same. If ever a rabbit suddenly loses its litterbox habits overnight, it can be a sign of illness like UTI or kidney problems, so a vet visit is in order for a full check-up.

  20. Kelsey says:

    we have had our 2 bunnies for a couple months now. We have tried a larger cage and a smaller cage. We have tried different types of litter. We tried moving the litter box and then they would pee where it was before. They pee and poop everywhere now. They won’t stick to a single spot. They even poop and pee in their food container. They will flip their house upside down and pee in that too. They are smelling up my house and I don’t know what else to do. We have tried keeping it super clean. We have left everything alone for a couple days and it just gets twice as bad. I don’t know what to do and I’m going to have to get rid of them if I can’t figure something out.

    • iris says:

      Are your rabbits spayed/neutered yet? That is the one thing you MUST do in order to have successful litterbox habits. Yes, it can be expensive, but without this yr rabbits are at the mercy of their hormones and the urge to mark is intense. Please check into low-cost spay/neuter programs if cost is prohibitive. Don’t give up on yr rabbits, they depend on you!

  21. Stella johnson says:

    My bunny is about 2 yrs old. Was using a litterbox til recently. Now he I s going right outside his litterbox and also by his food bowl. I was gone for 3 weeks and when I came back he was no longer using it. How do I get him to use it again?

    • iris says:

      Sometimes sudden onset of litterbox habit loss can be a sign of illness. Are there changes to the home like new animal, furniture, smells or visitors? Try this: put his food & water bowl on one end of his litterbox to train him to hop into it when eating. Often they poop while eating. Try a bigger litterbox to see if it helps at all. Reduce his space until he reuses litter habits. Is he neutered yet? This is most important as it assists with litterbox habits. Most rabbits are not 100% perfect with litterbox habits, but pretty good.

  22. David says:

    Like Stella above our 3 year old rabbit has stopped using his litter box..but only when it comes to peeing…he poops in his litter box no problem…but pees all around it..any ideas?.thank you

    • iris says:

      Peeing tends to be a way of marking for rabbits. If he’s already neutered, he wants to make the litterbox smell like him which accounts for peeing all around the outside of it. I suggest buying a small piece of vinyl flooring to protect yr floor from any wet messes and to allow for easy clean-up. Try placing his food/water bowls on one end of the litterbox so he has to hop in there to eat/drink. Wipe up any pee outside the box with a 1:1 vinegar/water solution spray bottle. Also, have you tried cleaning the box more often or less frequently? As rabbits age and become seniors, it is not uncommon for litterbox habits to become less perfect. Same happens with humans incidentally…

  23. Ed says:

    Please help…
    I have a new 8 week old rabbit. He is living inside and uses the litter box to wee in but he does poo outside the litter box and not in the same spot but all different areas. Could you please suggest how I can train him to pooh in the litter box too. He is the only rabbit and is in an inside cage. Thanks in advance.

    • iris says:

      young rabbits are known for poor litterbox habits. Until he is old enough to be neutered, there won’t be much you can do to prevent him from pooing all over. This is territorial marking when poos are scattered around the place and is his way to signal to any other animals around that this is his domain. When you remove them, he replaces them again. Try placing food/water bowls inside the litterbox or on a shoebox just behind the litterbox so bunny has to hop into the litterbox to eat/drink. This reinforces the use of the litterbox. Most important will be to have him neutered between 4-6 months of age by a rabbit-savvy vet after which his drive to mark should lessen dramatically. Presence of other animals in the home will make bunny want to mark his territory, however.

  24. Scott says:

    Hi there,

    Our bunny is really well house and toilet-trained. He’s never really caused us any trouble in terms of his litter box. However, recently he’s started to move his litter tray out of the way, and he urinates where it once was on, directly onto the floor of the hutch. He then doesn’t move the litter tray back.

    We’ve also noticed that he’s been marking his territory a lot more than usual.

    He’s around four years old.

    Any help would be greatly appreciated, even ideas on how to make him use his tray or keep him happy!

    Kind regards,

    • Iris says:

      Is your rabbit not neutered? Has there been a new pet added to the household? These are the most common reasons why an otherwise well house-trained rabbit might lapse in his habits. I would try to affix his litterbox to the side of the hutch with electrical/cable ties or binder clips so he can’t move it around. It seems to me that something in his environment has changed to make him mark his territory more & you need to think hard what that might have been. Have you thought of getting him a spayed rabbit companion and bonding them? This might initially make the litterbox situation worse, but once bonded, things could improve & bunny might be even happier.

  25. Fiona says:

    I have a 3 year old bun and we lost her beloved brother a year ago and I rescued a baby, much larger bun. After 4 months of hard work they are now bonded and sharing a hutch. Most of the time the older bunny is fine with the 1 year old but she still pulls fur at times. The 1 year old rarely uses the potty and pees and poos all over the hutch. Both are spayed and are able to roam the garden quite a bit. Is there anything I can do? I’ve tried putting used litter in the potty, moving it to the areas she uses etc.


    • Iris says:

      Younger rabbits sometimes are less neat, but normally spaying should help with improving litterbox use. I suggest buying a large rectangular sterilite box to use as litterbox & placing their food, water and hay in one end of the litterbox. If you can hang the hay behind the litterbox so that they must stand in it to eat it, that is best. By training them to stand in the litterbox when eating/drinking, they will also eliminate there. Keep a close watch on yr bunnies, b/c even tho u say they are bonded now, when the 1 year old hits full maturity, she may decide she wants to be dominant & the fur may fly again in a big way. Just try to re-bond them should this occur. Good luck! Also consider bringing them into the house – you may find they will be neater!

  26. Joyve says:


    My bun is over 4 years old. He used to be great with the litterbox, especially when it comes to peeing. A while ago i had a guest bunny stay with us for a couple of months. After the second bun left he seemed to be getting a lot worse. Do you think it has anything to do with it? Do you have any tips for me? Kind regards, Joyce

    • Iris says:

      Yes, the visiting bunny has everything to do with it. Rabbits have a keen sense of smell & yr bunny can STILL smell the visiting bunny in the house even tho he is long gone. I would consider cleaning the carpets, flooring, etc to rid the house of any residual smell from the visiting rabbit. With time, your rabbit should remark everything to his satisfaction to make it HIS home again. Spritzing furniture & any areas the visiting bunny was in with 1:1 water/distilled vinegar solution should cut down on any lingering scents from the interloper that yr bunny still smells.

  27. Tash says:

    I have a 10 month old neutered male mini lop. He has never really need the best at using the litter but he mostly does his we e’s on a towel I lay out for him (still poo’s regularly and all over the floor). When I take him home to my parents house his litter habits are flawless! He does EVERYTHING on the towel and I can’t figure out what I’m doing differently there! I have no other animals (unless you count my housemates ;)…) Can you offer me any advice?


    • Iris says:

      no clue! try putting his food/water dish into his litterbox on 1 end. Surprised he isn’t peeing all over the place in addition to the towel!

  28. Monique Goosen says:

    I had a Dutch Rabbit (Female, unspayed) for 12 years. She travelled everywhere in Southern Africa with me and loved her litterbox, even in the car.
    As I could not be without a bunny, I got a new baby, but do not know if it is a he or a she, nearly 4 months now. When s-he runs in the house, she use the shower as a box for pee and poop, and will wake us up at night to take her/him there. Problem is we need to start traveling again and s-he will not use a box…. s-he will rather do it on our bed or pillows then. Also, s-he grabbed my arm yesterday morning and humped it! Any advise on getting it to use a litterbox? We tried hay, pellets, sand, (not to keen on digging, while my previous one could not stop) as well as recreating a mini shower. S-he is going to the vet in a few days, then we will know the sex and have a check-up.

    • Iris says:

      De-sexing is key for successful litterbox training. Most rabbit savvy vets now waiting until 6 mo of age to de-sex. She should be ready for surgery & then litterbox training should be a snap!

  29. Mary says:

    I have a 2 yr. old rabbit, not fixed and she always use the liter box. Just got 4 month old bunnies (1 male, 1 female) I have them in same cage and doing well in their liter box. Got an adult male bunny they same time I got the baby bunnies. I have him in his own cage. He tosses up his liter box and food bowl. He’s truly a mess, though he likes being petted. Had a male bunny that was 1 1/2 yr. old he too was not fixed did very well with his liter box. And they are outside bunnies. Guess I’m having better luck with my bunnies:)

    • Iris says:

      expect your rabbits to multiply as they will be if u leave them unfixed. Rabbits tend to choose one corner to eliminate, it’s true. Too bad yr rabbits can’t all live together unfixed as rabbits love companionship. Think about getting them all fixed so the bunnies could be bonded & enjoy each other’s companionship always without being at the mercy of their hormones & reproducing all the time.

  30. Julia says:

    I have a 11 month old english lop. From the beginning he has been very strong willed and stubborn when it comes to litter box training him. I got him neutered at 6 months in hopes that this would help, but it did not. He constantly leaves poop pellets all over the ground outside his cage and peeps in corners. I restricted him to his cage and slowly gave him more space to roam when he starts behaving but within 2 weeks we are back at square one. I live in an apartment with 3 guys. I being a female seem to be his favorite person since I cuddle and constantly play with him. I dunno if he pees outside his cage due to the other human males living in the apartment or what. When I let him run, I leave his cage open so he can jump back in. Lately, right when I let him out he runs straight to a corner to pee. Help?

    • Iris says:

      Sounds as if he is marking. Most buns do this, but some to a lesser extent. In order to feel comfortable at home, he wants yr apt to smell like him, which is what peeing in corners does. Many rabbits pee on beds, pillows & bedspreads, for example. I would block access to corners where he pees, in addition to mopping up any pee with 1:1 vinegar solution. Try to give him a fleece blankie that he can scent & move it around the apartment wherever he wants to pee. Might prevent the marking. Worth a try.

  31. anna says:

    Hi I am new to this forum and would appreciate any advice regarding my daughters pet rabbit Basil. He is approx 9 months old, has not been de-sexed and is a pure delight. A few weeks ago I noticed the litter box in his outdoor hutch was not being used to defecate in. He is toilet trained and had been using this litter box without any issues. Then bout 3 days ago I noticed that his litter box which is in his inside cage was also not being used. He would sit in it but not use it as his toilet. So I was on the belief he was not defecating and possibly ill so I rushed him to the emergency animal hospital on Friday night and he was diagnosed with a possible gut stasis. They gave me critical care to give him and some medicine which was to promote his insides to work again. On Saturday morning still nothing in his litter box. So I took him outside and placed on the lawn, as soon as I did this he started pooping. He moved to another spot and pooped again. I followed him around and noticed lots of rabbit poops from previous days pretty much in one area, some had been there for many days as they were very dry. So he had been doing his business outside in the yard when I thought he was not pooping at all. So I contacted the breeder whom I purchased him from and she thought it was odd and suggested it possibly was not gut stasis at all and he is just being cheeky. He is eating his normal every day foods as well, so I don’t know why critical care was given to him.He will not poop in either litter box even though nothing in either cage has changed, same set up, same wood chips, etc. He hangs on to it until he can get out to the yard. This morning was exactly the same so I put him outside and he went along his business. I collected some of the droppings and placed them in the litter box to encourage him to start re-using it. He did 2 poops in it and that was it. I don’t know what is going on with him at all. Does anyone know of a similar situation or can someone suggest a good source to direct my question/problem to? I really don’t know what else to do about it, it is causing me much grief as I don’t want him to get sick. Prior to this he was using both litter boxes perfectly, he is brought inside in the evening as per usual and he goes outside during the day. Nothing else at home has changed, no new pets etc. Any help/suggestions would be GRATEFULLY appreciated, thank you!!

    • Iris says:

      Not sure why he suddenly would refuse to use a litterbox both indoors & out, although it is possible he prefers to poop outdoors. Sometimes rabbits that are indoor/outdoor lose their litterbox habits. As long as he is eating, drinking, exercising, active, pooping -regardless of where- he is probably ok. The vet followed what is standard procedure when an owner brings in a rabbit that is not pooping & behaving ‘off’. Critical care & gut motility drugs can and do often save lives of rabbits in true GI stasis. Guess yr bunny wasn’t! I think if you make him an indoor rabbit & place his food/water bowls & hay into an oversized litterbox, u will find he takes to using it.

      • Stef says:

        It’s because he probably didn’t got use to use litter at all, he’ll rather pee and poop outside all around. Well, the truth is, they are wild animals, they live as it’s their nature, they mark their place wherever they want and in general pee and poop wherever they like, that’s how they do in nature and it’s hard to litter train them like humans. They’ll never listen because they are such a stubborn animals. Bunnies are not really meant to live inside the house with humans, they belong to nature where their instincts, their own behavior was born and it’s hard to change overnights. Things will never change overnight when it comes to animals, because their brain pattern doesn’t work like ours.

  32. Nicole says:

    Hi there,
    I rescued my bunny from her previous owner. She was leaving Pika in her cage constantly. Her cage was filled with bedding and she wasn’t potty trained.
    She told me that Pika was spayed and was 6 months old but that she could not take care of her anymore and that she has no time to take her out and that she is always in her cage.
    I took her in one week ago, she had a Kaytee cage that you find in petco and was very terrified of human touch. That lady was handling her very poorly, I was very happy that I rescued her…
    Anyways, for now on she still has the same cage. She is able to hop twice in it. However, I always let her out, roaming around, I NEVER keep her in her cage. She goes in her cage when ever she wants to and to sleep at night.
    I have a concern, I started trying to potty train her so i put a fleece blanket for her bed and bought a full size cat litter to put in her cage with some carefresh bunny litter in it and some hay. She uses the litterbox but as soon as she poops, she brings her poop on her fleece bed and sleeps on it… I do not know why or what to do.
    When she poops and pees, i do not clean her litterbox, i let it get dirty a littler while. I always pick her poop up and put it back in her litter box but, she digs it back up and puts it on the fleece…..
    Please help me !
    Thank you ^_^

    • Iris says:

      Your rabbit is trying to make her fleece smell like her by placing poops on it. Leave them! This is preferred to peeing on the fleece, right? If u leave a few droppings on her fleece for a few days, she may well stop putting more on it. Every time u clean up after her, she will replace them. Try it! Also, u should really check if that bun has been spayed or not. Ask whoever u rehomed her from for her spay certificate or at lrast the name of the vet clinic where she was spayed. Good to have it.

  33. Nicole says:

    Her name is Pokee… I dont know why i put my hamsters name instead of hers xD.
    Here is a snapshot of her and the arrangement i have for her for the moment :

    Please let me know if it is good or not.
    The lady told me she was a purebred dutch.

    • Iris says:

      yes, she looks to have Dutch markings. I’d recommend removing the toys from inside her litterbox so she learns that is the spot to eliminate & to prevent soiling the chew toys. Thank you for giving her the great life she deserves as a beloved house bunny!

  34. Lauren says:


    I’ve got two bunnies, male and female both around 1 and a half years old. They have both been neutered and litter trained although did sometimes go outside the litter trays in their cages, but not all the time. We moved house about a month ago and as a treat we bought them a nice new cage. They have their own room next to the living room and we generally leave them in there to chill during the day, and they come out in the evening. They poop all over their room, which I guess is a territory thing. However they’re both terrors for peeing all over the bottom of the cage. They do use the litter tray that’s inside, I also have another bigger one in the room itself and they use that too. But I’m cleaning the bottom of the cage every other day and it’s absolutely dripping wet and doesn’t smell too pleasant. Any suggestions as to what could be causing this and what I can do to try stop it?

    Thanks ?

    • Iris says:

      my guess is they are peeing because the cage is new & the room is new & the house is new! Try this: buy a cheap fleece blankie and hv yr bunnies sit & lounge on it. You want it to smell like them both. Once it does, put it into the bottom of the cage where they used to pee. This may stop them from feeling the need to mark in the cage. Other suggestion is to turn bottom of new cage into one big litterbox. Usually, once the bunnies are comfortable in their new environment, marking tapers off. Hope that will be the case for you.

  35. Hannah says:

    I have a neutered 6 month old male bunny, he is littler trained, but as well as pooping and weeing in the litter tray, he also does his business around the same area, but not right next to the litter box. I always pick the poop up and put it in the litter tray and clear up the urine. I recently have bought a new hutch, but he had the same habit in the old one, so I don’t think its due to marking his territory (he has been in his new one for about a week and a half) please help me!

    • Iris says:

      Hannah, is the problem that he’s not pooping exclusively in his litterbox? He is still on the young side so his habits may still improve. Most rabbits are not 100% box-trained & there are often some droppings that are left elsewhere to mark. Try moving his food/water crocks into his litterbox away from the corner he pees in. See #10 in article. Hope that helps!

  36. Katie says:

    I recently got my bunny. He is only 3 months old but today he just stopped using his litter box in his cage and just goes where he feels. She said he always used it… I’m worried I did something wrong by getting a different litter box and trying yesterday news

    • Iris says:

      a 3 month old rabbit isn’t really litterbox trained yet. You’ve just been lucky! Get him neutered at 4-6 months of age by a rabbit savvy vet & he should catch on fast. Yes, changing litterboxes/litter may throw bunny off and is sometimes responsible for rejecting the litterbox. Be sure to gradually switch litters by combining them for a while. Good luck!!

  37. amie macdonald says:

    Hi I have an bout 7-8 wk lop rabbit not sure what it is, when I had a look at the litter
    the owner thinks its a girl, cuddles goes into her litter box an sometimes
    does poos but never wees ive just notice wees round my laugne room/dinning
    area its on the carpet anything really, she is an inside all day pet an only sleeps
    in her cage at night, she doesnt go into a serton coner to do poos or wees its mostly
    all over and the color of the wee is a yellow organe, not sure how to coach her
    to the litter box to do the wees, im in a unit so its small an she shares it with me
    and my 3yr old daughter, not sure to put her bowl of food an water in her litter box
    to help her to go there. Please help me with what to do and is the color of the we
    normal too. Thanks, this is my second time since ive had a pet rabbit since I was little girl too 🙂

    • Iris says:

      really tough to litterbox train with very young rabbits like this. Your daughter wasn’t born with bladder control and neither are bunnies!! You may need to keep bunny in a restricted part of the room until u can get her spayed at 6 months of age. Start saving now & look for a rabbit savvy vet! Rabbits that are not fixed are at the mercy of their hormones & will mark more around the house. Color of the pee depends on what she eats. She needs unlimited alfalfa hay/pellets until 8 months-1 year of age when u can gradually switch to timothy hay/pellets. Be patient with yr bunny as she’s just a baby!

  38. Holly Cravens says:

    I am a relatively new owner of a rabbit and I’m still learning all the ins and outs of caring for one. I’ve had her for a couple weeks now, and she is very well behaved but I’m having some litter box issues, that researching just isn’t providing me any help with. She has picked a corner of her pin that she always urinates in and generally poops there as well, so i have placed a litter box there (with puppy pads under it incase she misses) and she was doing good with pooping in it and although she has peed in it a few times, she has now started moving the box and then urinating where it was setting. Sometimes she will even then lay on top of where she peed. Any advice of why she may be doing this or what i could try to do would be greatly appreciated. I’m totally at a loss…

    • Iris says:

      it could be that there is a scent from another animal in that corner which is making yr bunny feel insecure. That would lead her to mark more in that particular spot. Is your rabbit spayed? Staying really will help improve litterbox habits. perhaps try to fasten the litter box to her enclosure so that she cannot move the litter box around anymore. It could be that she just likes the litter that you are using inside the litterbox. Experiment with some different kinds of litter.

  39. Laura Abing says:

    Hi, Iris–

    Please help. My four-year-old Dutch lop–neutered when he was about one-year-old–has recently rejected his litter box for both #1and #2. With winter’s onset, he prefers to lay on top of the heat registers and “unload .” While I can close off doors to most rooms, I fear having to limit him to the room where his cage is located because he seeks out heat registers. Any thoughts?

    • Iris says:

      I have never heard of this before! ! Perhaps the warm air from the heat register makes him have an urge to eliminate? Have u given all heat registers a good cleaning with vinegar? Wondering if there could be scent from another animal on registrrs that your rabbit has picked up? Try placing an additional litterbox over a closed register or alternatively, block access to the registers. I’m afraid you’ve stumped even me on this one!

  40. Missy Brown says:

    I have been using your advise on our little six month old dwarf hotot and it’s been working great! He has been using his litter box for three days with 0 accidents apart from a few territorial poops (he’s not neutered yet, his male bits have dropped and making the appointment tomorrow for the neuter). Right now I have his space confined to an exercise pen. How many days of no accidents would you suggest we wait before we expand his space?

    • Iris says:

      glad to hear my advice is working for you and your rabbit. I would say you could begin to expand his space a little bit after the first day already. Key thing is not to expand the roaming space too quickly. Remember that leaving some territorial poops scattered about is normal for a rabbit to mark new territory. All rabbits do this! Leaving heaps of poops should not occur outside the litterbox normally. Every rabbit needs time to exercise daily, 3 hours is a minimum. The occasional accident will occur, but never confine a rabbit for too long without allowing him time to romp, even when litterbox training.

  41. Chrysteen says:

    I’ve just recently bought a 9 week old bummy and I’ve set up her hutch so her food and bed are upstairs and her litterbox is down stairs but she goes toilet in one side of her bed and sleeps on the other. I out her on the letterbox every hour or so and it works vut then when I get home from work it starts again. Will this continue until I get her spayed?

    • Iris says:

      Baby rabbits really can’t be litter trained very well. Just like human babies, there’s going to be a period of time when they will soil before they figure out how to properly use the bathroom. It is well known that spaying/neutering helps with litter box habits. So things will get better after you spray her around six months of age. Until then, I suggest you get a large shallow litter box for her to use and keep everything on one level. Peeing on her bed is also comforting to her. As soon as u wash it away, she will probably re-mark it..

  42. Hilary says:

    Hi Iris,
    So I just got a female lop eared rabbit for around 3 weeks now, the age of the rabbit is unknown since the last owner didn’t include its age when they brought her in but everything is going fine it’s well behaved but I have two issues that I currently have to deal with the first one is that it keeps running away from me,I’ve tried searching online to see if anything will help me get closer to it but I found nothing so basically every time I let it out of its cage it won’t let me hold it and just runs under my bed I don’t know if you can help me with that but I would really appreciate it and then my main issue is it not peeing in its litter box so I’ve left it in one corner and it poos fine there’s is no poo outside its just when it pees. My rabbit will pee everywhere, on the other side of the cage, beside the litter box, in front of the litter box but it will not pee in the litter box I hope you can help me with this as I am really new to this and it’s my first pet and I would really appreciate it if you could reply. Thanks!!

    • Iris says:

      read this to learn how to befriend yr rabbit.: https://www.budgetbunny.ca/2015/03/24/bringing-home-bunny-tips-for-a-smooth-transition-to-your-home/

      Spend as much floor time with yr rabbit, but don’t insist on picking it up. You must gain bunny’s trust first & it may take time. Be patient.

      Is your new rabbit spayed? This can make all the difference in lgood litter habits. Peeing outside the litterbox is marking. Does your rabbit share its space with other snimals? Sometimes this can explain peeing outside the litterbox. Try a larger litterbox & stick food & water bowls inside it away from the corner. This will help train bunny to hop into litterbox to eliminate.

  43. Ana says:

    Hello, hoping for some suggestions —
    My husband and I moved into a new apartment last month, and prepared our 6yr male lop and 5yr female lion head to adjust to the move. They have a rug for their playspace, a large litterbox (formerly a cage), and plenty of space. Both are litter trained. We made sure to bring a few of their poop-pellets to scatter about the rug when we moved so that they wouldn’t feel totally uncomfortable. All was well for the first four weeks: both were using their letterbox, chewing on what they should, and no dramatic occurrences happened.

    Suddenly, my husband and I start finding pee spots on the rug, and we catch our male doing it! I figured, he doesn’t need to mark the space, so I used vinegar solution to clean it up. But it hasn’t stopped; my male keeps peeing on the rug in different spots (not routinely near his food, toys, or in unused corners), four to five times a day. As he’s getting a bit older, I thought perhaps he needed a shallower box, so I made one for him. But the jerk is still peeing around on the rug; all he does in the shallow box is scuff the litter (which is the same litter we’ve used for years).

    Any suggestions to fix this would be greatly appreciated. Thank you~

  44. Iris says:

    I think your rabbits are marking in the new living space b/c they are feeling insecure. They need everything to smell familiar and like them & peeing on the carpet is part of this. I suspect they will stop doing so eventually, at least for your sake I hope they will. Please understand that what they are doing is pretty normal rabbit behavior. They aren’t doing it to annoy you on purpose. Maybe try to cover your rug with a vinyl tablecloth temporarily so that any urine can be quickly removed. I hope they will quit doing this once they are used to your new home.

  45. Aundrea says:

    Hello, i have a 6-8 month old male neatherland dwarf. He has been great since i got him in september with using his litter box. I do let him roam the house freely all day and only put him away at night. He has never peed or pooped anywhere but his litter box in his cage. Recently he has found a spot on the carpet that he loves to lay down on for hours. He will lay for hours and not get up and when he does there is poop!

    • Iris says:

      It is time to have your rabbit altered. He is becoming hormonal in his teens & probably beginning to mark his territory. The good news is that neutering is less expensive than spaying. Check this rabbit savvy vet list from House Rabbit Society and only take your rabbit to a specialist exotic vet experienced in neutering rabbits. Too many vets still learn nothing about rabbits in vet school: http://rabbit.org/vet-listings/ and http://rabbit.org/faq-how-to-find-a-good-rabbit-vet/ Neutering really is key for behavioral reasons and will cut down on his tendency to mark. Sometimes, stray poops in an area where a rabbit relaxes are just that, signs of being so relaxed that a few poops exit.

  46. Charles says:


    Thanks for your article regarding litter training. I have never had much of an issue until two weeks ago when I began bonding my neutered 2.5 year old male with a spayed 5? year old female from the shelter. The bonding is going well – they are in a small x-pen. However, she is still living poops everywhere inside the x-pen. I have tried all manner of litter setups to no avail. I have been cleaning them up. Now, you say I should NOT clean them up? The bonding area is small and within two days it will be pretty well covered. When might this stop? My original bunny was and still is clean. The shelter claims the 5 year old has always been neat and tidy. Thanks.

    • iris says:

      This is completely normal when bonding rabbits and to be expected. When fully bonded, and completely comfortable with each other, your rabbit pair should go back to using the litter box again.

  47. Cassie says:

    I got to female rabbits in December . they were in a small hutch together on the lady pourch. We brought them home and everything seemed to be going great. They would run around and beside a dropping or to would always go in the litter box that they shared.
    Then one day we noticed hair all over.them and that they were fighting badley enough that we had seperated them. Once we seperated them into a new bigger cage outside they now will not pee in the litter box. It’s all over. I have done all these steps and it doesn’t work. Left the mess for over a week and the just continued to use right outside the litter box. The dig the litter out the box to try n cover the mess. Any Ideas. I’ve had bunnies my whole life and these to are just gross and mean. Like I got dudds

    • iris says:

      Spay and neuter your rabbits. This is the best way to set them up for litterbox success again. rabbits that are not desexed are at the mercy of their hormones which dictate that they mark everywhere constantly. And there is no such thing as a ‘dud’ rabbit — all are individuals and we must learn to accept them as they are.

  48. Lauren says:

    I adopted a 2 year old bunny. They said he’s litter trained but when I took him home he will sometimes go in the box when he wants but most of the time it’s all on the floor. He is neutered. I have one of those litter boxes that you put in the corner. I feel like it might be too small for him and maybe that’s why he’s mostly doing his business on the floor? He only goes in the box when he feels like it.

    • iris says:

      rabbits can be very particular about their litter boxes and your corner one is probably too small for him. Buy a larger one and watch his litter habits improve.

  49. Carrie says:

    My polish dwarf is about 9 mo old and she will not use a litter box. She insists on going on any soft surface (rug, couch, laundry…). I have tried making a special pile of towels that I will allow her to go potty on, but I don’t know how to let her to that it’s ok to go there, but not on any of the other soft surfaces. How do you tell a bunny “no” so that she will know where it’s ok to go and where not to go? I try to follow her around and pick her up and set her on the towels when she goes and I shoo her off the couch, but I don’t think she understands. She pretty much leaves a trail of poop behind her everywhere she hops… almost like they are just falling out of her beyond her control. I tried keeping her just in the hallway with the wooden floors while I train her, but she jumps over every barricade I try to make. I love her and want to keep her, but we have to get this potty situation under control or we can’t keep her. THANK YOU!! 🙂

    • iris says:

      Is your rabbit spayed/desexed? This is crucial if you wish to get her peeing and territorial marking under control. There just is no other way unless u prevent access to off-limit areas & soft bedding, sofas, etc. Most rabbits love anything soft and will tend to mark there to claim it as their own, especially when not desexed.

  50. Lilly says:

    I have a 3 year old rabbit ( mix between a mini lop , lion head and Rex ) he is not spayed or neutered . Up until now he has been peeing and pooing perfectly fine and we always put his litter tray in the corner of his hutch . He occasionally moved it but still used it properly . Unfortunately when I went away the person who cares for him didn’t clean his litter tray so when I came back from holiday his litter tray was very full and he had moved the litter tray from the corner and had started pooing and peeing in the corner with no litter tray.i then immediately cleaned his whole cage with vinegar and water and cleaned his litter tray . He then did a few poos and pees in the litter tray but mainly in the corner. Now he doesn’t excrete at all in the litter tray and I don’t what to do to get him to pee in the litter tray as he moves it a side and does it in the corner I have tried all training methods but he doesn’t seem to cooperate.

    • iris says:

      Try fastening the litter tray somehow so bunny cannot move it. Neutering him will help him relearn his litter habits and he is not too old to hv this done by a rabbit savvy vet.

  51. Emily says:

    I have a 3 year old bunny that used to be very good at using her litter box. We didn’t change anything but one day she stopped using it. We tried to change things she might not have liked but she still won’t use it

    • iris says:

      Bunnies do the strangest things! not sure what would’ve made her stop using it from one day to the next. Any changes to her environment like a new animal in the house, a visitor, a new rug or other furnishings, may be responsible. not using the litter box is sometimes a sign of illness, so to rule this out, I suggest you make a visit to your rabbit savvy vet. If she still unspayed, you might consider doing that as her chances of contracting reproductive cancer are high.

  52. ana says:

    i was wondering can i use just dirt from outside she seems to love walks and she will poop and pee outside ..

    • iris says:

      You could, but dirt does nothing in terms of smell reduction. Also, dirt from outdoors may be contaminated or contain parasites, or raccoon or other animal feces harmful to your rabbit. A very inexpensive, yet effective litter, is wood stove pellets or equine pine bedding pellets available from feed stores or home hardware stores (in season).

  53. Terrie says:

    I have four holland lop bunnies. I got them at the same time from the same breeder and they always lived together. All are male. They are about 3 months old. Is it possible for me to train them to use the same litter box? Their cage is quite large so a large litter box is not a problem. I also plan on having them spayed when they are old enough. Thank you.

    • iris says:

      Take your rabbits to a vet to have them sexed NOW. And fix them at 4-6 months of age by a vet experienced with rabbits. Breeders often make mistakes sexing young bunnies & that is how you’ll end up with unwanted, inbred litters. It is extremely difficult to litterbox train young bunnies. The best thing to do is to just keep them in an area near a litter box, place food and water bowls inside the litter box to encourage them to go in there as they will eliminate while eating/drinking. This is how I train foster rabbits to use the litter box at my local shelter.

  54. Laura DeLucca says:

    We have a 15 month old un-neutered male house rabbit. He uses the litter box while in his pen. We recently moved and he continues to use the litter box in the pen but will not used the secondary litter box when he is out in the living room. We have tried shrinking his area, using different litter boxes/litter, putting hay in the box etc. Any suggestions?

    • iris says:

      In my experience, neutering is necessary for successful litterbox training. If his droppings in the living room area are scattered about rather than in piles, he is marking his new territory. Neuter him & give him. Time to adjust to his new environment.

  55. Kathryn says:

    These seem like very helpful suggestions. I hope something will work for the 6-month old intact male French Lop I brought home. It’s a tentative adoption and could be temporary fostering because this large rabbit is not litter-trained. He was kept in a cage with a wire floor until a few days ago when I removed him from his previous situation. He’s in an enclosure and he messes the floor and will not go in any of the litter pans. I took to putting down puppy pads to help me clean the mess more easily, since he soaked right through newspapers. I hope puppy training pads are safe. I’ve been putting some of his droppings into the litter pan. Maybe I should leave them and not remove them immediately as you suggest?

    Neutering could help, but I don’t know if I can stand it while we wait and find out. Or he may go to the shelter. It’s way too much mess. Other than his toilet habits, this is an extremely sweet rabbit, and he has never left droppings or urine in the room when he’s out for free play. Suggestions? Thanks so much for your blog.

    • Iris says:

      It can take some time to littertrain former hutch bunnies. Neutering generally helps as it reduces the tendency to mark. You may need to restrict this rabbit’s space while he is being trained to use his litterbox. Placing hay holder behind/above litterbox, along w/food & water bowls in or beyond litterbox s/t helps elimination occur in the box rather than elsewhere. Consider neutering him, it should really help.Many cities now have low-cost spay and neuter clinics to mk surgery more affordable. Good luck!

      • Kathryn says:

        Thanks, Iris. I’m talking with our vet regarding neutering. This is a very sweet-natured bunny. He’s pretty athletic, though–he vaulted over the barrier we put up to shrink his space. Now I have the pen configured to half its potential size. He can jump out of that, too, but he’s only done it when he’s been really excited (breakfast, for example). I purchased an additional pen that is a few inches taller. When I get the rabbit neutered, I’m throwing out the old indoor/outdoor carpeting I had placed under the pen and getting something new that won’t smell like him or our previous (female) rabbit.

  56. Deborah says:

    Both of my dwarf bunnies are six years old and perfectly well-behaved and litter-box trained. Kingston is neutered and Honey is not spayed. After their recent (long) vet checkup, Honey was diagnosed with a bad UTI. So I decided to help with her recovery by getting an extra litter box. I figured with two boxes, I could more easily give them a clean box with fresh litter every day, and maybe Honey’s UTI would go away faster and never return! I’m not sure if it’s my “second box” idea or the trip to the vet or Honey’s infection and bleeding, but Kingston (normally a complete love bug and Honey’s Prince Charming/protector) has been acting like a real stinker. He kicks all the paper out of each fresh box as soon as I set it down. Then he overstays his time in the near-empty box while Honey sits waiting for her turn to potty (in a now paperless pan). Should I go back to one litter box? Or is he likely more stressed over the recent vet visit and/or his girlfriend’s health? If it’s the latter, how can I help him? She’s improving physically (thank God) and is as happy as always. Of course, I can accept Kingston’s attitude problem (if that’s all it is!) if it means making sure Honey’s UTI goes away (and you think the second box is a good idea for that). Thanks for any advice!

  57. Iris says:

    I would return to one litterbox if both rabbits use it, rather than separate ones. Your intact female rabbit is at high risk for uterine cancer (80%) & if you see blood in the litterbox, it may be from uterine cancer. A rabbit savvy veterinarian should be able to determine this & perform spay surgery. If Honey has a UTI, she needs antibiotics to rid herself of the infection, in addition to the clean litterbox. As to what may be causing Kingston to act up, he may sense honey is ill or be otherwise upset about any changes in their living area. As to what may be causing Kingston to act up, he may sense honey is ill or be otherwise upset about changes to their living area.

    • Siissie says:

      I got a 9 week old bunny 4 days ago. She can’t eat out of a hay rack poops and peas everywhere. She goes into her litterbox but always peas outside of it and only leaves 3 poos inside.

      • Iris says:

        Baby bunnies generally don’t have litterbox habits yet, just as newborn babies don’t. I recommend you spay/desex your bunny when she is old enough around 4-6 months (your vet can tell you when she’s ready to have the surgery) and you will see her litterbox habits improve almost overnight. Until then, buy an oversize litterbox that has enough space for her hay, and food & water bowls in it. This will train her to go to the litterbox to eat which is also when bunny’s tend to poop & pee. Good luck!

  58. Siissie says:

    Ps she dosent have a favorite corner

  59. Cupcakery says:


    I have got 2 4 month old netherland dwarfs who live inside, one female (who was spayed 3 weeks ago) and one male who is slightly younger and isn’t ready to be neutered.

    The boy bunny is litter trained, even though he poops around his cage he never does anything outside of his cage and only pees in his litter tray. The girl however poops everywhere, all over the sofa, on the floor and now she has started pooping on my lap. In fact she has got worse since being spayed. They don’t have much freedom only a small corner in the house so she can easily go back to her litter tray if she wants to. What am I doing wrong?

    • iris says:

      I don’t think the female’s droppings have anything to do with her spay, but I do think she is leaving territorial poops outside her litterbox to mark territory. This is what rabbits do to claim their “space” and what you see scattered around ( not neat piles of poops). You are asking a rabbit not to be a rabbit if you expect never to see any droppings outside her litterbox.

  60. I have a lady who is fostering 2 of my rabbits. Both are male – neither has been neutered yet. They do play well together (I did ask her not to bond them), however in the past couple of week one of the males refuses to urinate in his litter box and will wait until he gets play time and will go pee in the other rabbit’s litter box. Any way you can help to reverse this behaviour? They have been together for well over 1 year now. The rabbit acts normally otherwise, so not suspecting a urinary tract infection. Thinking it’s just territorial behaviour – will she need to separate them again? Thanks in advance!

  61. Rex says:

    We have a male lion-head bunny. I’m not 100% sure how old he is but I’m guessing between 6-7 months. We had him neutered two months ago. Since his neutering he has actually gotten worse about using his litter box. We keep him in a large hutch indoors during the day while we aren’t home. We let him out for a couple hours a night to run around free in the house. He was peeing on our couch but now sits at the edge of a rug and pees on the tire floor. I have a litter box in the house but he hasn’t used it once, other than to fling the litter all over the place. Any suggestions?

    I should also mention that the litter box in the cage is different from the litterbox in the house. One is plastic and has a metal grate above the litter and the other is just a cardboard box with litter in it.


    • iris says:

      In his teenage yrs, he is marking more despite being neutered? Surprising. Might there be other reasons, like other animals visiting the home or new smells in the house? I would reduce his space until he can reliably use the litterbox and try to hv the same type of box, if possible. Peeing on couches & beds is common for rabbits as this is how they mark their territory.

  62. D Kelsey says:

    What if my bunny has had no prior problems until weeks after i changed the type of liter? Shes an adult potty trained rabbit who now insists on leaving stools and urine on all other corners other than her literbox.

    • iris says:

      She is protesting the litter change. Did you do it gradually by mixing both litters together for a while? I would revert to the old litter if she doesn’t get the hang of it soon.

  63. Esra says:

    I have a 2 year old mini lop who’s potty trained and not neutered. For the past few weeks he’s been pooing and peeing all over the house, there haven’t been any changes in the house so I can’t think of what’s prompting him to change his littering habits.
    Any help will be greatly appreciated!

    • iris says:

      I can’t say either unless he smells a new animal or is expressing his displeasure over stg else. Rabbits are sensitive critters & any change to their routine is enuf to upset their routine.

  64. Mariah says:

    My rabbit has a litter box and used to use it all the time. She has recently been peeing in every other corner of her cage. She still uses her litter box a little bit, but she pretty much just uses it as a bed. What should I do?

    • iris says:

      Try adding more shallow litterboxes until her whole floor is covered. She will be forced to lie/stand in litterboxes & choose where to eliminate. I bet she picks just one of them & u can take out the other clean ones. Lots of bunz use gheir litterbox as a bed. It’s ok!

  65. Carolyn says:

    Hi, I hope you can help. We have two rabbits, both desexed. Donovan is approx 7.5 years old and has always used his litter box well. Ella 1.5 years old and was bonded to him 8 months ago. Since getting her she has never used the box well, but both now are very messy outside of their box. We have tried all of the relevant suggestions (desexed, moving their box to where they most often go, having multiple boxes in their space, restricting their space, adding old pellets to the new clean litter box, etc.) and nothing helps. (And they can both hop in and out of the box(es) quite easily). Their hay is just beside their main box and they often go right in the litter box, but they will also pee and poop just outside of it. Their area of peeing and pooping outside of the box is now ever widening. They have also recently started drinking excessive amounts of water. As their bad habits have gone on for so long with no improvement with all the interventions, I am wondering if there is something physiological going on. Any suggestions are most welcome.

    • iris says:

      Very possibly! Increased water intake can be a sign of kidney problems and it could be related to their poor litter habits. Elder rabbits often get kidney issues and I recommend both rabbits be seen by a rabbit savvy vet asap so medication can be prescribed if needed for a urinary tract infection or for kidney failure.

  66. David Dineen says:

    Hi, I have a lionhead female, about 5 old. She is not yet spayed, waiting for vet to come off vacation, plus she’s a little young. Concerns:

    1. She used her box well at beginning, then one day hormones must have hit. She started chinning and spraying pee everywhere, on the couch (a BIG favorite spot), a little up on walls, and the rug in her room, my feet. She also drips constantly. I’d remove rug, but rest of house is wood floors where she gets no traction. I have checked and rechecked, very sure she is female.

    My concern is, might this become a habit that’s hard to break after she is spayed? Especially the couch, where she leaves sun burst pattern pee. I can’t just leave her in her cage, nor can I spend the kind of time with her where I can keep eyeballs on her at all times. She’s fast, and Houdini with barricades.

    2. She has started nibbling on me to express displeasure. She’ll try to jump on couch, and when I stop her, she bites me (or my clothes) very very lightly. I know she is not trying to hurt me, but this could become a habit too, I think, and soon out of control. Right? How do I make her stop?

    3. She chews everything like crazy, especially our couches. But I cannot figure out what she likes for toys. I bring boxes; I make houses and tunnels from them. I bring the inside of toilet paper etc. She has one chew thing she likes and goes to town on, and she likes the box house. But none of this curbs chewing (and most things I bring don’t really interest her) When she starts chewing it’s like she’s getting high, she can’t control herself. Just wait until spayed and it’ll taper off some? Another difficult to break habit?

    Thank you for any help you can offer. I really love this bunny, she’s sweet, loves being petted, and has great potential as a tv-evening couch companion. But there’s also a chance she will ruin everything I own.

    • iris says:

      You have a hormonal, young bunny on your hands! I hope you will hv bunny fixed soon as yes, some of these behaviors may be difficult to change otherwise. Spraying is more typical of males so I wonder if you won’t be in for a surprise at the vets? Nipping is a form of communication alright & you should read this: http://language.rabbitspeak.com/ to learn what bunny is trying to say! Fixing bunbun should calm him/her down and chewing commonly disipates with age.

  67. Ranaki says:

    I have had my bunny for almost 3 years now. Unfortunately, neutering was never an option as there aren’t any bunny-savvy vets in the area and money is always quite tight for a ride 4 towns over.
    His litter is changed/cleaned 2-3 times daily (Recycled paper bedding with a pee pad over it and Timothy Hay to munch on) and it’s ONLY during the winter months that he does this, but he decides to relieve himself on my bed. He did have that habit when I first let him roam my room a few months after we brought him home, but constant nudging off of the bed mostly broke him of it. The only other furry occupant of the room is my mothers neutered rescue Chihuahua, and he only sleeps in the room (on the bed) at night. But it doesn’t explain why he doesn’t do it the other seasons.
    The bunny does not like the other neutered rescued chihuahua, so he doesn’t come in my room at all.
    Bunny gets more loving from me than the dogs most days, so he shouldn’t be acting out on jealousy, any advice or tips?

    • iris says:

      I suspect the winter month peeing on yr bed has everything to do with chihuahua sleeping there. I am at a loss why bunny doesn’t mark other times of year! Scent is very important to a rabbit & peeing is a common way to mark for all rabbits, but the urge is much stronger in an unneutered male or female. I would shower affection on bunny when chihuahua is not around to compete for affection & keep him out of your bedroom if marking on bed continues.

  68. Leigh says:


    I have an 8yr old miniature lop and he’s started peeing all over his bed and not so much in his tray, that sits in his hutch (bed area). He’s still pooping in his tray though. I clean his tray out every night, which I only tip out the dirty sawdust without washing the tray to keep the smell there, then fill it with clean sawdust – I’ve done this for years. He’s also neutered.
    I took him to the vet about 3-4 weeks ago and they gave him antibiotics for a suspected urine infection to see if that would help, but it hasn’t. Otherwise the vet said he’s fit and healthy and he wished all rabbits were as well behaved as him!
    I’m now just thinking its old age and he’s being lazy.
    Have you any idea ?

    • iris says:

      Absolutely it may hv to do with arthritis or his advanced age. Did the vet check for urinary sludge or kidney stones? Is his littertray step-in? Some elder buns find it hard to hop into litterboxes & need theirs modified. A potting trag can work well as a litterbox for a geriatric rabbit. I use puppy pee pads from dollar store for my own elder buns ito extend the litterbox area.

      • Leigh says:

        I’ve put a more shallow tray in his hutch that he can walk into rather than hop into, but this has made no difference to the peeing everywhere.
        Over the last 2/3 weeks he’s been sleeping awkwardly in his tray without waking up when I open his door and call his name loudly. This has happened about 3 times where my daughter has come out shouting as she thought he dead. Now I’m wondering if he’s deaf?
        Do rabbits act differently when nearing the end of their life?


  69. Alison loughton says:

    I rescued at 5yr old buck 11 months ago, took a while to bond with my 5 yr old widowed doe. Since they have lived together, 9 months, he wees everywhere, she is immaculate, now their home is so messy, their straw bed is always wet, I understand he is claiming territory, is there anything I can do to stop this or is he too old to change?

    • iris says:

      He can still be fixed by a rabbit savvy vet if he is otherwise in good health. This would dampen his hormonal drive to mark constantly! Otherwise, you will need to change their straw bedding much more often to keep it dry. Good luck & consider the neuter which may fix things quickly!

  70. Reen says:

    I have a 3 year old male rabbit that I’ve been keeping since he was 3 months old. He was litter-training himself (literally) before we finally neutered him just recently. However, once he is neutered, he started to pee everywhere but his litterbox. Is this normal during recovery period. Or is there any problem with my bunny?

  71. Matt says:

    I just got a bunny and it’s only about two week into having her. Is giving her a big space to exercise a mistake in terms of learning to be potty trained? She poops all over the place when I let her out and I hear that just her marking her territory. What do you recommend as a sequence of steps in order to potty train her? If I let her out, will it cause bad habits to form if she poops everywhere? I don’t want her to be confined to her cage at all times because I know how important it is for bunnies to get exercise.

  72. Emily R. says:

    i had my bunny trained when he was a baby, but he is almost 6 now and sleeps in his litter box instead of using it for what its for. i have a bunny cage that has a dropper (tray) to catch everything… it isn’t in the best shape and my bunny pees over the edge and onto the floor. i don’t wanna spend a ton of money on one, so if anyone knows where i could get a cheap one that works good id like to know. but i can fit the litter box in the cage but he again sleeps in it so i have to keep the tray there still. how can i retrain my bunny to use the litter box and not have him be lazy?

  73. Vanessa says:

    My male bunny is approx. 1.5 years old, neutered, and was litter trained… until now:(… For the last 2 weeks, my he has been urinating and leaving pellets next to his cage and in other areas of the house. What do you guys think? How can I reverse this? :\

  74. Carolynn Holt says:

    I own a male and female Holland Lop approximately 1 1/2 years old. Both were spade and neutered about a year ago. They both used the litter box from day one. I used horse pellets for litter. Recently my male stopped using the litter box. He refused to go in it. He would pee right in front of it. It was so confusing to me as I was almost in tears. I bought some new litter made from old newspapers, unscented. He went right into the litter box. No more peeing outside the box. Apparently he didn’t like the horse pellet litter. To me, this is a miracle. I hope this helps. ExquisiCat Paper litter, fragrance free.

  75. trina says:

    Hi I have had my holland lop for 3 months now and have read and tried everything to litter train her. She is one years old and I will be getting her spayed shortly.
    She’s about 80% litter trained but still poops every where else in her cage.
    When I give her a small area to play she poos all over and never on the litter box when she is outside of her cage. I’ve tried different litter boxes different litter, no play time (even though she’s EXTREMELY calm) and barely ever moves. I even tried litter boxes with out the metal she was laying in it and it grossed me out. Any suggestions???

  76. Samantha says:

    Hi. I just recently became a bunny owner to a beautiful girl I named Penélope. She unfortunately came from a pet store (I had really wanted to adopt from our local shelter) because I felt horrible for the way she was being kept. She was in a glass reptile tank with 1 other large bunny and people including small children were able to go up to her grab, poke, and pick her up and toss her down. The staff also did not know how to handle rabbits – pulled their ears to “calm them” and scuffed the back of their necks(like dogs) to catch them and lift then out of their display cases. The vet was also shocked at what I described! Our Penélope is healthy though, and will be getting spayed when her time comes!

    She is a very frightened shy girl. She will not allow us to hold/pick her up. She even sometimes won’t allow us to pet her. I was told she is 8 weeks old. We have had her for about a month now. She has her own large room where she roams supervised for a few hours a day, and large cage to secure her when we can’t allow her to roam freely. Every time we let her out of her cage she runs across the room and will urinate alot, it’s as if she holds it in until we let her out, and she also poos everywhere. I have notice poo in her littler box, and it doesn’t seem like she goes outside of her litter box while in her crate. How can we break these habits early to start off on the right path of owning a new bunny baby?

  77. Alie says:

    My mini Rex is 11weeks old and is continually pooping and peeing on his recycled paper stuff but then he just flops down there whenever he’s relaxing or wanting a nap. I’ve got pay grass and hay for his sleeping area and he loves his food and water dish. But he keeps not sleeping in that area, just in the messy area. Any advice?

  78. Non-specific Information Fro this offshoot

  79. Ziya says:

    I have a bunny that is a little over a year old and it has been very good about going to the bathroom in the littler box until about a month or two ago. I clean the cage and the next day the poop and pee is everywhere again. I pick it up and put it in the litter box but it hasn’t been working. We recently moved and now it shares a room with my 2 small dogs, so I don’t know if that is the cause of it.

  80. Meredith says:

    Hi all! I have an amazing male, neutered, two year-old, mini rex bun named Atticus whose litter box habits have always been great. However, we recently moved to an apartment in which my room has carpet. He now continuously poops and pees all around the litter box ( it’s all within a 6 inch radius), but not in it. We have been here for 6 weeks and nothing has changed. I have tried to put a rug underneath the litter box as he typically likes having one near or under his letterbox, but to no avail. He’s had the same litter box and type of litter since I got him as a baby. He’s also been cage-free since a baby and has full run of the apartment- he doesn’t pee or poop anywhere else (everywhere else is hardwood). Any suggestions?
    Thank you!

  81. Jesse says:

    I have two unneutered female rabbits that get along and have been together for their whole lives. One is dominant and will hump the submissive one. For the past year I have been using small animal bedding as their litter and I switched to Yesterday’s News cat litter yesterday. Today my dominant bunny has collected all 5 blankets in the cage and placed them in the litter box. Not sure if this is a nesting behaviour, or if the litter pellets are uncomfortable on her feet compared to the bedding I used to use. Just wondering if anyone has experienced this before or have any advice. Thanks.

  82. Emily says:

    Hey! I know this is kind of an old post but my bunny recently started not using his litterbox and I wanted some advice. He is a little over a year old and he was litterbox trained for awhile. Recently he started using the bathroom outside of his cage. He has a two story cage and I leave the bottom door open so he can roam around inside one of those dog corral pen like things. He started using the bathroom out in the corral area (which isn’t too big so it’s not like he has lots of room). I even locked him in his two story house for almost 2 days but once I let him out he stopped using the litterbox. Also, I already tried placing a new litterbox where he is using the bathroom on the outside of his house and he just picks a new spot on the floor. Any advice or solutions would be helpful. Thanks!

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  84. Danika says:

    Hi, I just got my first bunnyrabbit. Adorable and I already love her/him. I keep it in my room. Untill his cage is ready (I’m getting one built) he has his own HUGE travelbox which is open in the front. He also has an open box/bed and next to that is his litterbox with hay in the front. I put all his droppings and tissues with his urine in the box. But he doesnt seem to get it. He is only 6 weeks old so I certainly don’t expect anything more. I just want to know of there’s something I can better with his arrangement? My room is quite small so the area he roams in is not overwhelming. He has his own corner which is only his. He has explored some other nooks and crannies if my room but not too much. Okey so the travelbox is facing toward the middle of the room. To the right side of the box is his food and water bowls and on the right of that is the bed and litterbox. Should I change the setup fir easier training? Maybe put the litterbox infront of the travelbox he is currently sleeping in?

  85. Isabel Palmer says:

    About 1 year ago I adopted a bunny named Ernie. He was totally litter box trained and loved his home. Recently my parents got divorced and my mom got a new house. Ernie was doing great going back and fourth with me to both houses except at the new house he will use his litter box but never pee in it. He decides to pee on my bed instead. I had a loft bed at the other so that might have something to do with it but I’m not sure how to get it to stop. Does anyone have suggestions?

  86. Chloe Van Acker says:

    Hello! I just got a holland lop, have had him at home for about a week now and he is 10 weeks old.

    He likes to pee right on the outside of the litter box, like he will back up to the litter box and his tail will be in the box but the pee just falls short. I have tried cleaning this section of the cage but he still does it. He likes to hangout in his litter box and eat the hay I put there but he just likes to pee right outside still! with no portion fo his body in the box! I am getting frustrated, nt sure what I’m doing wrong!

  87. Gail McGonigal says:

    I have a ten-month old Rex rabbit that was litter- trained when I first got her 2 months ago and everything was working well with using the litter box. Then I took her in a crate to a vet tech, for showing me how to cut her nails as this is my first rabbit and I was scared about not doing this correctly.
    Since this time, she has not been consistent at using the litter box.
    I have her litter box next to her hay box and everything else, ie her pellets and water are in close proximity and very clean. But if she still continues to leave her poop all over the place.
    I am bonding much better now and I am doing everything to make her feel secure and happy. Does this just need more time, or do you have any other tips you can offer me to make her more litter trained.

  88. Maria Henriquez says:

    I have a 3 1/2 months old baby bunny and we love him!! At the beginning he was OK with the training but we changed the cage for a house (2 floors) and the second floor is the “restroom” for him because it have like a tray that you can pull out and clean, since then everytime he jumps on top of our bed he poo =( and never did that before!!! And He is still getting the “restroom” Thing! I don’t know if we actually have to put a box there because we already have the food and water so he can eat and poo at the same time but he eats and then sleep there in the restroom and eventually he will go down and pee and poo in the first floor!! I know is a mess!! We are in the process of fix him BTW but if you have any advice we will appreciate it!!!

  89. Mandi says:

    Hi all bunny families, I have a 1 year old doe who is dressed and uses her littre tray but also poos in other spots in her pen often. Not sure if this is normal or can be fixed. No other buns or animals.

  90. Anne says:

    Our bunny is now couple years old. She has always been good at using the letterbox in her room. Lately. She rarely goes near it. Poops all over the room and pees in the corner. We haven’t changed anything. Just frustrating now at amount of cleanup

  91. Jackie says:

    Hi there,

    I have a litterbox in my bunny’s enclosure, and she used to use it all the time. When I gave her more freedom to roam my living room, she started to poo out there, so I got a second litterbox so she had access. However, now she only wants to poo in the living room one, and not in the enclosure, which is where she stays during the day. I worry she isn’t pooing as frequently as she would want/need to, because she prefers the living room one. It’s also within eye sight from the enclosure.

    What should I try? Should I cover the enclosure so she can’t see the other litterbox? I’ve tried switching them in case she somehow had a colour preference, but it’s definitely the location.


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